There are various causes behind nausea (with or without vomiting). Among other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the abdomen and infectious diseases in question. Often the nausea is accompanied by other symptoms such as dizziness, headache or diarrhea. We reveal what helps against nausea and which home remedies are particularly effective.
Causes of nausea
Nausea is not a disease of its own, but a symptom that can have a variety of causes. Below is an overview of the most common causes:
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
- Abdominal disorders (for example, of the pancreas, cecum, gallbladder, and liver)
- infectious diseases
- Food intolerance
- Side effect of drugs (for example, after general anesthesia and radiotherapy or chemotherapy)
- Mental causes
- Irritation of the organ of balance (for example in case of travel sickness)
- Metabolic disorders
In addition, nausea can also occur in a concussion, a sunstroke or in the context of a migraine attack. It is also typical that pregnant women are more likely to experience discomfort during the early stages of pregnancy.
Time of nausea can provide more clues
The time at which the nausea occurs, as well as possible concomitant circumstances, can provide further clues to the cause of the discomfort:
- Morning sickness and vomiting: typically occurs during pregnancy or after alcohol overuse.
- Nausea and vomiting during or after meals: May indicate acute gastrointestinal inflammation, but may also be psychological.
- Nausea and vomiting several hours after eating: Occurs, for example, in a gastric ulcer and in a gastric emptying disorder.
Nausea and vomiting
Nausea is often accompanied by a feeling of vomiting. Vomiting is a protective reflex that helps the body to get rid of harmful substances as quickly as possible. Whether it comes to vomiting or not, decides the vomiting center in the brain. It is activated by stimuli from various body regions, such as the gastrointestinal tract or the inner ear.
Nausea and vomiting are often associated with concomitant symptoms such as paleness, dizziness, increased salivation, and sweating. Often there is a gastrointestinal infection or food intolerance or poisoning behind the complaints. In addition, nausea and vomiting are also typical symptoms of pregnancy.
If vomiting occurs more frequently, it can lead to severe fluid and electrolyte loss. Over time, weight loss and tooth damage can also occur. If you have to vomit more often, you should always have the cause of the complaints cleared up by a doctor.
Other accompanying symptoms
In addition to vomiting, nausea can also lead to a number of other symptoms. These include:
- a headache
- stomach pain
Any of the symptoms associated with nausea may indicate a variety of conditions. If you are feeling dizzy, think about problems with the cervical spine and inner ear disease, such as Meniere's disease or inflammation of the balance nerve.
If your symptoms do not improve after a few days or if you suffer from severe pain, you should definitely consult a doctor and have the cause of your condition clarified. Maybe there is a serious illness behind your nausea, which urgently requires medical treatment.
Nausea - What to do?
Nausea (with or without vomiting) is a very common symptom that can occur in a variety of diseases. Therefore, it is crucial that you tell your doctor about possible concomitant symptoms - this can usually simplify the diagnosis.
Nausea, which has no serious causes, can usually be treated well with over-the-counter medications or home remedies. In other cases, medical measures - sometimes even emergency treatments - are essential. Suitable drugs for the treatment of nausea include H1 antihistamines such as dimenhydrinate, meclocine and promethazine and prokinetic agents such as metoclopramide.
For nausea associated with severe vomiting, it is particularly important that you prevent the body from dehydration. This manifests itself through symptoms such as a dry mouth, weakness, little or no urine and apathy. To prevent dehydration, you should always take small sips of still water or herbal tea.
4 home remedies for nausea
In case of nausea it is recommended to abstain from greasy or spicy foods. If vomiting occurs, you should even stop eating for a while. Feel a little better, you can slowly feed your body a little stomach-friendly diet. Well suited are, for example, rusks, banana porridge or mashed potatoes.
In addition, the following home remedies are recommended for nausea:
- Drink a cup of warm peppermint, chamomile or ginger tea.
- Take a dip in the fresh air. If you feel shaky on your legs, sit on the balcony or in the garden with a chair. Alternatively, it helps to thoroughly aerate once.
- Sip a freshly sliced slice of lemon or put a few drops of lemon juice in a glass of water.
- Carrots contain a lot of fiber, which bind toxins in the intestine and thus contribute to the fact that the nausea subsides more quickly. Try it with a carrot soup or a carrot porridge.