Bowel obstruction: causes and characteristics

Intestinal obstruction can affect both the small and large intestines. The intestinal contents are no longer conveyed - congestion of the intestinal contents at bottlenecks (mechanical ileus) or intestinal movement comes to a standstill (paralytic ileus). An intestinal obstruction is also referred to as ileus, a narrowing of the intestine as a stenosis or obstruction. A bowel obstruction is an incomplete, a bowel obstruction a complete blockage of the normal passage of intestinal contents. Usually, the term ileus (from the Greek: twisting, twisting) is equated with intestinal obstruction. The ileus is one of the most dangerous diseases in the abdomen.

What is a bowel obstruction?

Intestinal obstruction can affect both the small and large intestines. If an intestinal obstruction is present, the intestinal contents are no longer transported. It congests the intestinal contents at bottlenecks (mechanical ileus) or the intestinal movement comes to a standstill (paralytic ileus).

As a result, germs or even intestinal contents can migrate through the intestinal wall and lead to severe infections in the abdominal cavity. Peritonitis is also known as peritonitis and is responsible for the development of the acute abdomen (acute abdomen).

How is a bowel obstruction expressed?

The stomach appears bulging and painful at the slightest pressure. The natural reaction is defense tension (peritonism) of the abdomen. The defense voltage may first be limited to a particular region. As the disease progresses, it is spread over the entire abdominal space. The abdomen may even appear hard on palpation.

The general condition of the person affected is increasingly deteriorating. High fever around 39 ° C, cold sweat, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or stool condition, physical dehydration (exsiccosis) and collapse can then dominate the clinical picture. Due to an existing life-threatening situation, a rapid surgical procedure is necessary. Depending on the cause, a distinction is made between a mechanical and a paralyzing (paralytic) intestinal obstruction.

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