Third teeth - care and handling for a healthy dentition into old age

People are getting older - but that's not always true for their teeth. Then the so-called "third teeth" are in demand. Whether removable denture or fixed dentures: dealing with "the third party" is initially unfamiliar and requires some habituation. We give you tips on how to handle and care for your third teeth.

New dentures: first phase of habituation

It will take a few days to get used to the new teeth. So it may be difficult to speak a few sounds at first. These hurdles are the fastest with a bit of language training, undisturbed in front of the mirror to get a grip.

Also, the jaw will need its time to practice eating and chewing with the third party. It is best not to use the incisors first. The easiest way to change is to take soft food with small bites in the first few days.

Maintain third teeth properly

Whether removable denture or fixed dentures: The oral hygiene is as important in the third teeth as the care of the real teeth, because on the artificial teeth may also form a bacterial plaque.

Plaque causes inflammation of the gums and jawbone, which can damage the valuable implants. To avoid costly repairs, here are some helpful tips that will hopefully last long for the joy of the third teeth.

The correct care of removable prostheses

The following tips will help you properly care for a removable denture:

  1. After every meal, it is important to clean the dentures. Here it is usually enough to remove the bit from the mouth and rinse under clear water.
  2. Once a day with a special prosthesis brush cleaned, the main care is already done.
  3. It is recommended to additionally use a denture cleaner, which ensures with special cleaning substances that already formed deposits and calcareous calculus can peel off again.
  4. Floss and mouthwashes can be used as usual in addition to give the interdental spaces the necessary care and purity and are absolutely recommended for the third teeth.
  5. When wearing full dentures, the gums should be regularly, preferably daily, massaged, as the prosthesis covers the oral mucosa on the jaw and palate, thus preventing the natural cleaning by saliva and tongue.
  6. The cleaning of the removable denture ideally takes place over a water-filled washbasin - so the prosthesis is not so easily broken if it falls down.
  7. If you remove your denture for a long time, it is best to keep the denture in water.

Care tips for fixed dentures

For fixed restorations, such as crowns, partial crowns, implants or bridges, you should observe the following tips for proper care:

  1. Clean the teeth or dentures twice a day with a toothbrush.
  2. Interdental brushes (interdental brushes), dental floss and possibly supplemental oral irrigators should be used once a day to clean the interdental spaces. Special dental floss for implant cleaning is available on the market. Interdental brushes should be metal-free so as not to scratch the surface of the implants.
  3. It is best to use a fluoridated toothpaste without emery.
  4. Do not neglect the regular preventive care and it is best to go to the dentist twice a year for check-ups.

When the dental care is difficult

Due to diminishing eyesight and decreasing manual dexterity, older people in particular often find it difficult to recognize deposits on the third teeth and to properly clean the dentures. It may then be necessary to seek the help of caregivers or relatives to ensure daily dental care.

In some cases - especially when restricted by a physical disability - even a toothbrush with a custom grip can make dental care easier.

The third party is no longer correct - what now?

With a removable denture it is quite normal that the prosthesis loses its grip over time. Because the chewing pressure is first transferred to the oral mucosa and then on the jawbone - instead of natural teeth, which intercept the pressure itself and pass it on to the bone in a softened form. The jawbone breaks down due to the heavy load.

A regular visit to the dentist at intervals of six to nine months has therefore the highest priority, in order to maintain the perfect fit of the prostheses and thus avoid unpleasant pressure points.

Pressure points with removable dentures

Pressure points can be prevented with special adhesives. They form a soft, elastic pad under the dentures and provide better grip. Especially in the early days, adhesives help familiarize the jaw with the unfamiliar foreign body in the mouth. In a well-fitting prosthesis, the task of the adhesive usually takes over the natural salivary film between artificial tooth and oral mucosa.

If pressure points and pain have already developed, they can be treated with mouthwashes and ointments from the pharmacy. Even herbal remedies such as thyme, sage or camomile can help to counteract the symptoms. If problems persist, it is always advisable to see the dentist

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