The condition of the dog's coat and skin is a reflection of his health. Most dogs change their coat twice a year - in spring and autumn. How and when a dog loses its summer or winter coat depends on race, temperature and the length of daylight. Because the temperature and brightness in the apartment are quite even in the year, it can lead to a permanent hair change, which has no special meaning.
Malnutrition, parasitism, endocrine disruption or stress?
If a dog suffers from severe hair loss - perhaps with hairless areas, alopecia that is not caused by scratching, rubbing or licking - or shows a dull, dull or greasy, oily coat, itches or has eczema, then something wrong.
- Coat problems may indicate malnutrition. Commercially available food is usually balanced, while home-cooked food is often not. It should be fortified with mineral and vitamin supplements and occasionally an egg. Some dogs get a dull, dull coat if they eat too much meat. Again, a change to a balanced diet helps. There may also be an allergy to a particular food. Then the type of food should be changed. In some dogs, high protein intake and a lack of essential fatty acids cause itching, dandruff and eczema.
- Behind a dull coat, hair loss and especially dandruff can also be parasites such as mites or a fungal infection stuck. Some dogs are allergic to fleas and therefore lose their hair.
- Also, hormonal causes can lead to hair loss, such as hypothyroidism. After castration, the hormone balance also changes. The hair loss, however, usually disappears after some time by itself.
- Stress can also cause hair loss. Stressed or neurotic dogs scratch and bite, have thin hair or lose their hair in places.
- Sometimes the hair loss is genetically determined. Some breeds like boxers and Dalmatians tend to.
Coat discolorations can be a sign of poor diet, disturbed metabolism, allergies, stress or climatic changes. Coloring the coat to reddish or grayish may indicate copper deficiency. Zinc deficiency, on the other hand, can lead to premature graying of the hair and the skin disease parakeratosis (excessive skin keratinization). In the 'Dalmatian Bronze Syndrome' (DBS) dogs look like they have dirty spots in their fur.
Grooming must be
The careful care is a prerequisite for a beautiful, healthy coat. Even dogs with a short coat should be brushed, when combing skin lesions, possibly even tumors and pests fall on prematurely. Dogs should be bathed as seldom as possible, and then only with lukewarm, clear water and a mild rückfettendem dog shampoo. It is recommended to protect the dog ears with cotton wool.